Archive for January, 2013


Hey Folks,

Today I thought I’d share a little lesson on the major movements in writing. While there are four major time periods of writing, many academics recognize 6 movements, two of which are part of the 4th or follow the fourth depending on how people will look at it in the future.

The 6 major time periods of writings, after the classics, fall under these categories:

  1. Neoclassicism
  2. Romanticism
  3. Realism
  4. Naturalism
  5. Modernism
  6. Post-modernism

The fifth time period, which began in the late 1800’s and lasted up until the middle of the 20th century, is called Modernism. From the 1950’s until today, the most recent time period is known as Post-modernism.

In my book, Faithfully, Steven Riley explains Modernism and Post-modernism from a pathological perspective as the cause of why students in America behave as they do.

While these 6 categories of time periods represent a style of writing, many authors within a time period had their own styles which separated them from the majority; one example is Shakespeare. That being said, let’s take a closer look at what each of these periods represent:

  • Neoclassicism – Focus is on the group, not the individual. Follows the same patterns of classical Greek and Roman writings that were characterized by their refined, graceful style. To learn more about this style of writing, examine the works of Alexandre Pope.
  • Romanticism – Focus is on the individual, not the group. Writers return to Medieval Times, Chivalry, and Gothic settings. Exemplary writers of the first generation of Romanticists are William Wordsworth & Samuel Taylor Coleridge; their work emphasized the voice of ordinary people. In the U.S., the movement was expanded by writers such as Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau to include transcendental romanticism. Back in the U.K., the 2nd generation of Romanticists included Percy Shelley and Lord Byron; their writings encapsulated protests against social  and political wrongs, as well as emphasized self-introspection and appreciation of nature and beauty.
  • Realism – Focus is on the common man. Social injustice, violence, community conflicts, poverty, domestic violence, and other sociological problems are dealt with in a sober, unemotional way. Realist writers include George Bernard Shaw, Major Barbara, and Henrik Ibsen, A Doll’s House.
  • Naturalism – Focus is on the common man, but to the extreme. It focuses on the “underbelly of society, usually the lower class struggles.” (Wynn, P. 67) Poverty, hunger, alcoholism, drug use, domestic violence, all of these are the subject matter for Naturalistic writers.
  • Modernism – Focus is on the common man, along with self-introspection. If man struggles with the aforementioned issues, especially during the time of 2 World Wars, then it is expected that man should ponder the question, “what is the meaning of life?” The Modernist responds to the question with, “the meaning of life is whatever you want it to be!” In this response, the Modernist moves away from transcendental worldviews, and away from confidence in the Establishments of their societies, seeking fulfillment by finding whatever will make one happy (to satisfy the Id – speaking from a psychoanalytical perspective). Examples of these writings are: The Portrait of an Artist as a Young Man, by James Joyce, The Great Gatsby, by F. Scott Fitzgerald, and On the Road,  by Jack Kerouac.
  • Post-Modernism – Focus is on the self. The individual in society is solely responsible to oneself and the answer to the old question, “what is the meaning of life?” is answered, “who cares?” The emergence of owning what will make one happy is one element of post-modernism. The purchase of brand names, the ownership of idols, becomes the mechanism of symbolic representation in society – which tribe, or social group, one belongs to. Examples of Post-modernist writers include: Caryl Churchill, Top Girls,  Tom Stoppard, Arcadia,  and Phillip Roth, The Prague Orgy.

Source: FTCE 6-12 Certification Study Guide, by Sharon Wynne, M.S.


Until next time, enjoy your writing, my friends!


Jack Morgan



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What is it like to be a baller? For most of us, we go through the motions. Yeah, I suspect that most of us fantasize about what it’s like to be the center of attention. But how many of us will have the opportunity to be that? And if you could, would you really enjoy it?  If I did catch the shooting star of glamour, then I’m sure I would want the quite normal life after awhile.  Why? Because we always want what we don’t have. And the lack of privacy would definitely drive me crazy.  After all, none of us look good under a microscope!  But for the sake of dream fulfillment, let us imagine that today we’re stars …you and me. Would you come to my party?  I’m having a celebrity party and you are my guest of honor.  Red carpet and all. We love you! Dream big! Tomorrow we can return to reality.  But tonight, let’s live large!
Jack Morgan

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Happy New Year to my WordPress friends! Today’s post is didactic because I wanted to make the first post of the year special, and by that I mean beneficial to you as a reader/writer. Here’s 5 words you may not know, but are fun to say:
1. Syntax – a system or orderly arrangement; grammatical rules & structural patterns.
2. Schematic – design, underlying organizational pattern or structure; conceptual framework.
3. Aphorism – a focused, succinct expression about life from a sagacious viewpoint. Example: “Whatever is begun in anger ends in shame.” -Benjamin Franklin
4. Sagacious – having or showing acute mental discernment and keen practical sense; shrewd: a sagacious lawyer.
5. Shrewd – astute, sharp, keen; piercing.
There you have it, the Fantastic Five.

Who can tell me what bathos means?

Wishing you all a wonderful 2013!!!

Jack Morgan

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